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2019考研英語(二)真題新題型參考答案

2018年12月25日 來源:文都教育

2019年考研英語剛剛結束,剛剛走出考場的同學應該深有體會。今年英語(二)新題型考察信息匹配。信息匹配題的文章往往篇幅較長,專業詞匯較多,并會出現一定的超綱詞。但是,文都考研提醒各位考生,只要在原文中找到對應的線索句,信息匹配題便能迎刃而解。

【新題型原文】

Directions:

You are going to read a list of headings and a text. Choose the most suitable heading from the list A-G for each numbered paragraph(41-45). Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)

Five ways to make conversation with anyone

In choosing a new home, Camille McClain’s kids have single demand: a backyard.

McClain’s little one aren’t the only kids who have an opinion when it comes to housing, and in many cases youngsters’ views weigh heavily on parents’ real estate decisions, according to a 2018 Harris Poll survey of more than 2,000 U.S. adults.

While more families buck an older-generation proclivity to leave kids in the dark about real estate decisions, realty agents and psychologists have mixed views about the financial, personal and long-term effects kids’ opinions may have.

The idea of involving children in a big decision is a great idea because it can help them feel a sense of control and ownership in what can be an overwhelming process, said Ryan Hooper, clinical psychologist in Chicago.

“Children may face serious difficulties in coping with significant moves, especially if it removes them from their current school or support system,”he said.

Greg Jaroszewski, a real estate brokers with Gagliardo Realty Associates, said he’s not convinced that kids should be involved in selecting a home—but their opinions should be considered in regards to proximity to friends and social activities, if possible.

Younger children should feel like they’re choosing their home—without actually getting a choice in the matter, said Adam Bailey, a real estate attorney based in New York.

Asking them questions about what they like about the backyard of a potential home will make them feel like they’re being included in the decision-making process, Bailey said.

Many of the aspects of homebuying aren’t a consideration for children, said Tracey Hampson, a real estate agent based in Santa Clarita, Calif. And placing too much emphasis on their opinions can ruin a fantastic home purchase.

“Speaking with your children before you make a real estate decision is wise, but I wouldn’t base the purchasing decision solely on their opinions.”Hampson said.

The other issue is that many children-especially older ones-may base their real estate knowledge on HGTV shows, said Aaron Norris of The Norris Group in Riverside, Calif.

“They love Chip and Joanna Gaines just as much as the rest of us,” he said. “HGTV has seriously changed how people view real estate. It’s not shelter, it’s a lifestyle. With that mindset change come some serious money consequences.”

Kids tend to get stuck in the features and the immediate benefits to them personally, Norris said.

Parents need to remind their children that their needs and desires may change over time, said Julie Gurner, a real estate analyst with FitSmallBusiness.com.

“Their opinions can change tomorrow,”Gurner said.“Harsh as it may be to say, that decision should likely not be made contingent on a child’s opinions, but rather made for them with great consideration into what home can meet their needs best-and give them an opportunity to customize it a bit and make it their own.”

This advice is more relevant now than ever before, even as more parents want to embrace the ideas of their children, despite the current housing crunch.

【新題型參考答案】

41. [A] remarks that significant moves may pose challenges to children

解析:首先我們通過Ryan Hooper可以定位到原文第四段Ryan的觀點句“The idea of involving children in a big decision is a great idea because it can help them feel a sense of control..”因此很容易就選到D選線。但是通過后面的解題,我們會發現這個選線更適合做42題的答案。因此我們需要重新定位線索句,我們可以看到第五段也是他的觀點,“Children may face serious difficulties in coping with significant moves,...”與選線A 可進行同義替換,因此,41題的正確答案為A。

42. [D] thinks that children should be given a sense of involvement in homebuying decision

解析:通過Adam Bailey定位到原文第七段與第八段。“Young children should feel like they’re choosing their home...decision making process”這一部分所表達的是贊同孩子參與購房的觀點,匹配的選項只有D。因此,42題的正確答案為D。

43. [C] advises that home purchases should not be based only on children’s opinions

解析:根據人名Taccey Hampson定位到原文第九段,段首句與段尾句均為線索句。段首句“Many of the aspects of homebuying aren’t a consideration for children”與選項C可進行同義替換,表達了說話者所持的否定觀點,考生千萬要注意選項中的否定詞not。因此43題的正確答案為C。

44. [G] assumes that many children’s views on real estate are influenced by the media

解析:根據人名Aaron Norris定位到十一段“The other issue is that many children...may based their real estate knowledge on HGTV shows.”,我們能看到關鍵詞“HGTV shows”它能與G選線的“the media”進行同義替換,兩者屬于上下義詞邏輯。因此,44題的正確選線為G。

45. [F] believes that homebuying decisions should be based on children’s needs rather than their opinions.

解析:根據人名Julie Gurner定位到十四段,“Parents need to remind their children....change over time”到第十五段句末“but rather made for them with great consideration into what home can meet their needs best.”在這一部分信息中,轉折連接詞“but rather”以及名詞“the needs”都是關鍵信息,剛好對應了F選線“children’s needs rather than their opinion”。

總的來看,今年新題型難度中等,解題方法也比較常規。各位考生一定要嚴謹細心,牢記新題型的解題技巧,在原文中快速尋找有效信息,切忌咬文嚼字,同時在備考過程中要進行計時練習。

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